Last Updated 10-02-2022 10:27:21

What is Neurology?

Neurology, which is divided into two groups as Adult Neurology and Child Neurology, is a medical science that deals with the physiology and disorders of the nervous system. Neurology department, which examines the anatomical and physiological structure of the nervous system as well as clinical syndromes; undertakes the treatment of diseases related to the spinal cord, brain and peripheral nervous system that do not require any surgical intervention. 


Who Is a Neurologist Called? 

Medical doctors who specialize in the treatment of nervous system diseases are called Neurologists.  


What Diseases Does the Department of Neurology Deal With? 


Epilepsy, also known as seizure or epilepsy, is one of the diseases that the neurology unit deals with. Although rare, epilepsy can occur in adulthood and usually begins in childhood. Loss of consciousness, foaming at the mouth, and involuntary movements in the arms and legs are among the most common epileptic seizures. In such cases, it is absolutely necessary to consult a neurologist and take necessary actions. Although EEG is the main test method used in epilepsy, the treatment of the disease is carried out with antiepileptic drugs.   



Headache is one of the common ailments. The most common types of headaches that cause various complaints are migraine or tension-type headache. At this point, the patient's complaints and the type of headache are taken into account in order to make the necessary diagnosis. According to the drawn roadmap, the diagnosis and treatment process is carried out by the neurology unit.    


Cerebrovascular Diseases

Cerebrovascular diseases; includes cerebral hemorrhages and cerebral vascular occlusions. For example, stroke, which is a dysfunction also known as a stroke, occurs when the brain cannot feed that area as a result of a blockage in one of the cerebral vessels. With the realization of cell death in the regions supported by the clogged vessel; Conditions such as loss of strength in any part of the body, loss of speech, loss of consciousness, visual disturbances and dizziness can be seen. At this point, Neurology specialists step in and use MR and Computed Tomography examinations to determine the clogged vessel and the area directly affected by it. He then arranges the necessary treatment.

In addition to vascular occlusion, venous hemorrhages resulting from venous occlusions and cerebral hemorrhages due to blood pressure can also be shown among cerebrovascular diseases.      



Dementia is another condition that is followed and treated by neurologists. Alzheimer's is the main cause of dementia, also known as dementia and seen in advanced age. Complaints that usually start with forgetfulness are followed by thought disorders, difficulty in performing routine actions, decreased cognitive activities, and refusal to eat. 


Sleeping disorders

Increasing stress in our daily lives continues to invite health problems. Disorders such as sleep apnea and snoring are also among the health problems that are invited. Especially when they do not get enough sleep, people feel tired all the time and this is reflected in our quality of life immediately. If you are experiencing such problems and want your quality of life to return to its former level, it would be beneficial to see a neurologist. 


Movement Disorders

Movement disorders, which is another subject that the neurology department deals with; It includes diseases such as Parkinson's disease, dyskinesias, essential tremor and restless legs syndrome. If you are experiencing distressing conditions such as involuntary actions, pendulum-like swinging in your head, loss of expression on your face, tremors in your hands and gait disturbances, the neurology department is the right address for you.   


Muscle Diseases

Myasthenia Gravis, an autoimmune disease that causes weakening of the body's skeletal muscles, is the most common muscle disease. Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is the most common genetically transmitted disease. In the case of these two diseases, neuromuscular transmission is impaired, and therefore, muscle contraction occurs as well as thinning of the muscles. The neurology department plays an active role in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. 


Demyelinating Diseases

The most common demyelinating disease is Multiple Sclerosis (MS). MS is a chronic disease that is treated by specialist neurologists. Apart from MS, there are other demyelinating diseases such as Devic's disease and Neuromyelitis optica (NMO). 

In addition to all these diseases; Diagnosis and treatment of diseases such as vertigo, facial pain, diabetic polyneuropathy and facial paralysis are carried out by the Neurology department.