Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)

Otorhinolaryngology (ENT)
Last Updated 10-02-2022 11:15:43

What is the Department of Ear Nose and Throat Diseases? 

Otorhinolaryngology also known as  otolaryngology in the medical language, covers all age groups of the middle ear, outer ear, eardrum, nose, throat, vocal cords, upper part of the esophagus and facial nerves and inner ear. It is a surgical medicine department that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of pathologies between the brain. 


Specialization Areas of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology

Physicians specialized in the field of Otorhinolaryngology are called "Head and Neck Surgeons, ENT Doctors, Otorhinolaryngologists or ENT Specialists". ENT specialists undertake the treatment of diseases that occur in the ear, nose, throat and base of the skull, as well as cancer and benign tumors in the head and neck region. An ENT specialist may also work in collaboration with other medical and surgical specialists outside his field. E.g; While they can work with plastic surgeons in the treatment process of cosmetic and traumatic deformity, they can share a common area with neurosurgeons in the treatment of diseases related to the skull base. This is a good example of how extensive the field of Otorhinolaryngology is.

The problems that the Department of Otorhinolaryngology deals with are generally; Allergy, adenoids, tonsils, nasal cavity and sinus-related problems, which we can also call the Nasal Cavity, difficulty in smelling and subsequent problems, difficulty in breathing through the nose, hearing and balance disorders, infections, vocal cords and larynx diseases, targeting the upper part of the esophagus problems, swallowing and breathing difficulties.  


Frequently Encountered Ear Nose Throat Diseases

There are certain diseases that otolaryngologists often face. If we list them;

  • -Sinusitis
  • -Meniere's syndrome
  • -Facial paralysis
  • -Pharyngitis
  • -reflux
  • -Nasal allergies
  • -All nose and sinus diseases
  • -Enlargement of the flesh of the nose
  • -Allergic Rhinitis
  • -Snore
  • -Sleep apnea
  • -Nasal bone curvature
  • -Vertigo(Dizziness)
  • -Tonsil diseases
  • -Throat diseases
  • -All ear infections
  • -Tinnitus (tinnitus)


Ear Diseases

They are usually hearing disorders, ear infections, balance disorders and diseases that occur in the inner ear and outer ear at birth. Plug, which we can call ear wax, tinnitus, acute otitis media, serous otitis and inflammation of the external ear canal can be given as examples of these diseases.  


Nose Diseases

They are usually diseases caused by paranasal sinuses, allergies, olfaction, nasal cavity, nasal breathing problems and the external appearance of the nose. Acute sinusitis, chronic sinusitis and olfactory disorders are examples of these diseases. 


Throat Diseases

Throat diseases generally include diseases related to the larynx, upper respiratory and digestive tract. Disturbances related to voice, breathing and swallowing can be counted in addition to these. Pharyngitis, sleep apnea, snoring and tonsillitis are examples of these diseases. 


Symptoms in ENT Diseases

ENT diseases with a wide scope have a wide range of complaints and symptoms. If we express these symptoms in a general framework;

- Runny nose and itching




-Nose bleeding



- Itching, burning or watering of the eyes

-Jaw pain

-Loss of voice


- discharge from the ear

-Excessive snoring

If you suffer from these symptoms and complain that this situation affects your quality of life, it would be beneficial to consult an Ear Nose and Throat specialist before it is too late. Because if you do not intervene in time, you may encounter much more negative consequences and unintentionally lead to the progression of your disease. When it comes to otolaryngological diseases, early diagnosis is of great importance. The specialist physician performs many examinations in order to draw a healthy roadmap before the treatment and a diagnosis is made according to the results of these examinations. After the diagnosis, the treatment process begins. It's up to you to start this process as early as possible. Let us remind you again: Health does not come to delay.