What is Psychology?
Psychology, which is formed by combining the words "psyche", which means soul or mind in Ancient Greek, and "logia", which means work, is a branch of science that examines how the processes in the mind affect and reflect on our thoughts and ideas. Although animal behavior is included in this study, the main focus of psychology is human emotions and behaviors. Psychology, which we can also call the science of psychology and which is a very comprehensive science, includes natural sciences, although it is a social science.
Sub-branches and Specialization Areas of Psychology
the science of psychology; In addition to internal processes such as perception, attention, motivation, emotion, intelligence and personality, it also deals with processes such as relationship processes and in-group and intergroup relations in detail. In this respect, we can list the fields of specialization of psychology, which is in close relationship with both medicine, science and social sciences;
Experimental Psychology: The first experimental psychology studies on the sensory process and psychomotor behaviors have come a long way, and these days, it has become possible to investigate every aspect of behavior with experimental methods. Experimental psychology has two sub-branches as "comparative psychology" and "physiological psychology".
Physiological Psychology: It studies the biological basis of behavior as well as the interrelationships of behavior.
Social Psychology: By addressing the behavior of living things in the social environment and in the face of social stimuli; examines how sociocultural theories affect technology, science, and individuals' behaviors and personalities.
Clinical Psychology: Along with conducting research on personality development and behavioral disorders, it develops tools and methods to eliminate behavioral disorders.
Industrial Psychology: Examines the interaction of individuals with business and business technology in various businesses and industries. Psychologists working in this field of psychology; It has duties such as personnel selection, training personnel with maximum efficiency, providing in-service training, job and efficiency evaluation.
Psychometric Psychology: Psychometric Psychology, which means the science of measurement in psychology, allows the evaluation of behavior and the clarification of behavior by applying statistical and mathematical methods to psychology.
Forensic Psychology: Forensic psychology, which deals with the collection and evaluation of psychological evidence to be used in forensic decision processes and presenting these evidences to the necessary authorities; It deals with issues such as the investigation technique of the accused, the detection of illusions that eyewitnesses may have under the influence of their experiences at the time of the incident, and the prediction of the method of committing a crime.
Educational Psychology: It is a sub-branch of psychology that studies the creation and implementation of learning environments in a beneficial way. Educational psychology, which is based on concepts such as learning, development and mental health, aims to put these techniques and methods into practice in education.
Developmental Psychology: It is a sub-branch of psychology that studies the physical, cognitive and social development of people throughout life.
Main Responsibility of Psychologists
When you look at it superficially, you may think that psychologists are sitting on the sofa and listening to the problems of the patients who come. However, the reality of the matter is much different than that. Because psychologists have a wide range of fields of study.
If we leave this wide scope aside and list the general job descriptions and responsibilities, psychologists;
- Providing psychological support in the field of duty,
-To apply the necessary tests in the field of education,
-Making psychological evaluations within the framework of cause and effect relationships,
They have responsibilities such as carrying out studies and investigations of behavior, motives and impulses.